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Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies

The science of Environment studies is a multidisciplinary science because it depends on various disciplines like chemistry, physics, medical science, etc. It is the science of physical phenomena in the environment. It is inherently a multidisciplinary field that draws upon not only its core scientific areas, but also applies knowledge from other non-scientific studies such as economic, law and social science.

1. Physics: 

  • To understand the flux of material and energy interaction. 
  • To construct mathematical models of environment.

2. Chemistry:

  • To understand the molecular interactions in the system.

3. Biology:

  • To describe the effects within the plant and animal kingdom and their diversity. 

4. Atmospheric Science:

  • To examine the phenomenology of the Earth's gaseous outer layer with emphasis upon interrelation to other systems.
  • It comprises meteorological studies, greenhouse gas phenomena, airborne contaminants, sound propagation phenomena related to noise pollution, and even light pollution. 

5. Ecology:

  • To analyse the dynamics among an interrelated set of populations, or a population and some aspects of its environment. 
  • These studies could endangered species, predator interactions, effects upon populations by environmental contaminants, or impact analysis of proposed land development upon species viability.

6. Environmental Chemistry:

  • To study the chemical alterations in the environment.
  • Principal areas of study include soil contamination and water pollution. 
  • The topics of analysis involve chemical degradation in the environment, multi-phase transport of chemicals and chemical effects upon biota.

7. Geo-science: 

  • It includes environmental geology, environmental soil science, volcanic phenomena and evolution of the earth's crust.
  • In some classification systems, it can also embrace hydrology including oceanography. 

8. Mathematics and Computer Science:

  • It will help in environmental modeling and analysis of environment related data.

9. Economics: 

  • It deals with economical aspects of various components of environment.

10. Law: 

  • It helps in framing of environment related laws, Acts, rules and their monitoring.

11. Social Science:

  • It helps in dealing with population and health related issues. 

Source: Environmental Studies by Dr. Syed Fasihuddin
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